The Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV is spread by
direct contact with infected body fluids, including blood, semen, vaginal
secretions and breast milk. This means that the HIV contained in one of these
body fluids must get into the bloodstream by direct entry into a vein, a break
in the skin, or through the mucous linings (such as the eyes, mouth, nose,
vagina, rectum or penis). Other body fluids such as urine, saliva, vomit, etc.
do not pose a risk unless visible blood is present. (See Risk Reduction